Pablo Iglesias attended this Tuesday in Congress the act with the King to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the failure of 23-F with “institutional respect” – “we are enormously institutional”, he assured – and wearing a insignia of the Democratic Military Union ( UMD),the group of Army officers purged for their opposition to Francoism.
But the second vice president and leader of Unidos Podemos would have liked more that, instead of holding “sumptuous acts”, all the documentation on the failed coup d’etat had been made public in order “not to hide from the Spanish what really happened.”
In declarations in Congress, before the official commemoration, Iglesias implicitly recognized the role of King Juan Carlos as a dam in the face of the coup attempt, but again vindicated his republican ideas and argued that “40 years later, the Monarchy is no longer a condition possibility of democracy ”.
The failure of the conspiracy of Armada, Milans del Bosch and Tejerorevealed, according to Iglesias, that a part of the Army “did not respect democracy, but it did respect the King, and therefore, if the Spanish wanted democracy, they had to accept the King.”
That “condition of possibility” of democracy has disappeared today, added the vice president, who claimed, “from calm and measure,” to promote the debate on the form of State.
“We are republicans and we believe that a republican horizon is opening up, in an increasingly unequivocal way,” said Iglesias, before insisting that it is “out of institutional respect” that his formation participates in acts such as this Tuesday presided over by the current monarch. The leader of United We Can, however, did not applaud the speeches of Felipe IV and the president of Congress, Meritxell Batet,
In a brief appearance before the media at the entrance of the Congress, Iglesias agreed with some of the demands of the nationalist and independence groups that decided to stay out of the commemoration. Like these formations, he defended the declassification of all official documents on 23-F, because the Spaniards “expect to know the truth” and they cannot be “treated as minors.”
Six of the formations that boycotted the act organized by Congress in memory of the coup attempt signed a manifesto in which, in addition to requesting the disclosure of those documents, they presented the events of February 23, 1981 as “a State operation that it reinforced and armored the pillars and values of the regime established in the so-called Spanish transition ”.
For the signatories, ERC, EH Bildu, Junts per Catalunya, PDeCAT, BNG and CUP, “the Spanish State continues to be supported by the same political, judicial, police and monarchical estates as 40 years ago.”
The manifesto calls for a “real democratization” that would require, according to its signatories, a “break with the ’78 regime.” In an appearance in the press room of the Congress, the spokespersons spoke in each of the languages of their communities and,
These allusions to the fact that the real situation in Spain has barely changed in the last 40 years was one of the reasons used by the PNV for not joining the manifesto. The Basque nationalists did not attend the event either, although not because of the presence of the King, explained his spokesman Aitor Esteban.
“We are disconcerted that a coup d’état is commemorated and also the groups have not been consulted,” Esteban alleged. The PNV spokesman took the opportunity to also insist that all the documents on 23-F should be known and complained that the Congressional Board is delaying the processing of a reform of the Official Secrets Law of 1968 presented by his party.
According to Esteban, an “informative haze” still persists about the events of 40 years ago.
The attitude of the nationalist and pro-independence groups that support the government majority was used by the opposition to attack the Government and again ask the socialists to break with United We Can.
The PP spokesperson, Cuca Gamarra, accused the members of the Executive of “rewriting history to entangle” and dismissed the formation of Churches as a “Trojan horse” of those who seek “to weaken our full democracy.”
The leader of Ciudadanos, Inés Arrimadas, said that “what is a democratic anomaly” is that parties that “do not celebrate the triumph of democracy” are “permanent partners” of the Government.
The popular ones took advantage of the celebration and the controversy over the riots of the last daysafter the imprisonment of rapper Pablo Hásel to present a proposal for an institutional declaration of support for the security forces and condemnation of street violence. The declaration has little chance of success because it would require the unanimous support of the groups.
Vox was also not satisfied with the call for an event to remember “events of 40 years ago.” According to his spokesman, Iván Espinosa de los Monteros, the commemoration of the 23-F anniversary has been an attempt to “divert attention” from the current moment, “the most serious for our democracy in recent years”, although the Santiago party Abascal decided to attend “to accompany the King.”
Espinosa de los Monteros disdained the request for the documents to be declassified since, according to him, it is an attempt by “communists, enemies of Spain and bilduetarras ” to continue promoting what he described as a “slow motion coup”.